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A very similar process already occurs at the Self Journal of Science (sjscience. Threaded commenting could also be implemented, as it is vital to the success of any collaborative filtering platform, and also provides a highly efficient corrective mechanism.

Peer evaluation in this form emphasizes progress and research as a discourse over piecemeal publications or objects as part of a lengthier process.

Such a system could be applied to other forms of scientific work, which includes code, data and images, thereby allowing contributors to claim credit for their full range of research outputs.

Comments could be signed by default, pseudonymous, or anonymized until a contributor chooses to reveal their identity. If required, anonymized comments could be filtered out automatically Phenytek Extended Release Capsule (Phenytoin Sodium)- Multum users.

A key to this could be peer identity verification, which can be done at the back-end via email or integrated via ORCID. Reddit karma points are awarded for sharing links and comments, and having these upvoted or downvoted by other registered members.

The fampridine implementation of such a voting system for peer review would be through interaction with any article in the database with Phenytek Extended Release Capsule (Phenytoin Sodium)- Multum single click. With this, contributions get a rating, which accumulate to form a peer-based rating as a form of reputation and could be translated into a quantified level of community-granted prestige.

Ratings are transparent and contributions and their ratings can be viewed on a public profile page. More sophisticated approaches could include graded ratings-e. Such a system is already in place at ScienceOpen, where referees evaluate an article for each of its importance, validity, completeness, and comprehensibility using a five-star system.

By default, the same algorithm would be implemented for all peers, as on Reddit. The issue here is making any such karma points equivalent to the amount of Phenytek Extended Release Capsule (Phenytoin Sodium)- Multum required to obtain them, and also ensuring that they are valued by the broader research community and assessment bodies.

This could be facilitated through a simple badge incentive system, such as that designed by the Center for Open Science for core open practices (cos. One might consider a Reddit-style model as pitching quantity versus quality.

Typically, comments provided on Reddit are not at the same level in terms of depth and rigor as those that we would expect from traditional peer review-as in, there is more to research evaluation than simply upvoting or downvoting. However, there is no reason inh a user prestige system akin to Reddit flair cannot be utilised to differentiate varying levels of expertise.

The primary advantage here is that the number of participants is uncapped, therefore emphasizing the potential that Reddit has in scaling up participation in peer review. With a Reddit model, we must hold faith that sheer numbers will be sufficient in providing an optimal assessment of any given Phenytek Extended Release Capsule (Phenytoin Sodium)- Multum and that any such assessment will ultimately Phenytek Extended Release Capsule (Phenytoin Sodium)- Multum a consensus of high quality and reusable results.

Social review of this sort must therefore consider at what point is the process of review constrained in order to produce such a consensus, and one that is not self-selective as a factor of engagement rather than accuracy. The additional challenge here, then, will be to capture and archive consensus points for external re-use. Journals such as F1000 Research already have such a tagging system in place, where reviewers can mark a submission as approved after successive peer review iterations.

Content from more prominent researchers may receive relatively more comments and ratings, and ultimately hype, as with any hierarchical system, including that for traditional scholarly publishing. Research from unknown authors may go relatively under-noticed and under-used, but will at least have been publicized.

The editors could be empowered to invite peers Phenytek Extended Release Capsule (Phenytoin Sodium)- Multum contribute to discussion threads, essentially wielding the same executive power as a journal editor, but combined with that of a forum moderator.

Recent evidence suggests that such intelligent crowd reviewing has the potential to be an efficient and high quality process (List, 2017). The process is completely open to participation and informal, so that anyone can write a review and vote, providing usually that they have purchased the product. Here, usernames can be either real identities or pseudonyms. Reviews can also include images, and have a header summary.

In addition, a fully searchable question and answer section on individual product pages allows users to ask specific questions, answered by the page creator, and voted on by the community.

Top-voted answers are then displayed at the top.



29.07.2019 in 14:47 Mejinn:
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30.07.2019 in 20:03 Akikree:
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31.07.2019 in 19:20 Turisar:
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